THE ULTIMATE GUIDE TO PERIOD SKIN
As if bloating, cramps and change in mood isn’t enough to deal with when it’s the time of the month, so many of us also suffer with our skin. From period acne to dry and itchy skin it’s hard not to feel frustrated when pimples appear. We have the ultimate guide with expert advice on how, when, and most importantly why your skin freaks out during your cycle.
YOUR MOST SEARCHED QUESTIONS
Most of us know that no two cycles are the same and what may work for one may not work for another. Sometimes, searching your questions into a search bar can be overwhelming and can provide you with information that you can’t always trust. Leading California based dermatologist, Dr.Steffani Kappel, has the answers you’ve all been searching for – What is period acne? Why do I get oily skin during my period? And what is a hormonal breakout?
What is period acne?
Period acne is also referred to as "hormonal acne" by dermatologists because the hormonal fluctuations that occur with menstrual cycle have dramatic effects on the skin. This includes dryness, pruritis (itchiness) or acne. Especially skin on the face. This is because the sebaceous glands in the face have hormone receptors that are affected by the various hormone fluctuations that take place throughout the menstrual cycle.
Why do I get acne before my period?
The reason why acne is worse before your period has everything to do with the hormone fluctuations during your mensural cycle. The first 14 days or your menstrual cycle is called the follicular phase. The skin may even be dry and itchy during this time. Estrogen levels begin to rise. On day 14, ovulation occurs and the subsequent phase that follows is referred to as the luteal phase. This is when progesterone (the hormone closest to testosterone) levels increase which can also worsen acne.
Why do I get acne during my period?
Just before your period starts, the estrogen and progesterone levels drop. This stimulates your sebaceous glands in the face to secrete more sebum. This excess sebum production can result in clogged pores which results in increased inflammation and increased acnes bacteria leading to cystic acne. This occurs days before your period which is the reason why hormone beak outs are days before and during our period.
Why do I get oily skin during my period?
Oily skin during and shortly after your period occurs as the hormone levels are higher during this time. The excess levels of hormones bind to the hormone receptors in the sebaceous glands and increase excess sebum secretion. This can cause the skin to have an oily consistency, with dilated pores, and more blackheads.
What causes dry skin before my period?
Decreased sebum productions as a result of decreased hormones levels binding and stimulating sebum production during the first 14 days of the menstrual cycle.
Methodology and Sources
We’ve analyzed the most searched for terms relating to skincare before, during and after your period and worked with dermatologist Dr Stefani Kappel to answer questions based on the most searched for keywords. Data pulled September-October 2021.